Reference Material

This is part of my collection of size guidelines and information I use when creating miniatures. I hope to continually expand this collection and turn it in to a valuable resource for those times when you are about to make something and need to know dimensions for it! These apply to American “standards” unless otherwise specified.

In and Around the House

House, General:

Wall outlets 2 ¾” x 4 ½”, 11” from floor

Doors: (IRC – International Residential Code Guidelines)

Entrance doors range from 2’ to more than 3’ wide & from 6’8” to more than 8’

IRC requires that main entry door be at least 36” wide & 80” high. Other exterior doors most common widths, 28”, 20”, and 32”

Interior doors 6’8”, widths from 28” to 32” closet doors may be 6’6”

Windows, average 3’ up from floor

Dining Room:

Table sizes – How many people will fit:

Rectangular/Oval Tables:

72” comfortably seats 6 people

96” comfortably seats 8 people

120” comfortably seats 10 people

Round/Square Table Size (by diameter)

36-48” comfortably seats 4 people

60” comfortably seats 6 people

72” comfortably seats 8 people

Chairs – Chairs and chair arms should be able to slide under the dining table with ease – Most dining room tables are about 30 inches high. Chair height is generally 18 inches from the floor to the seat.

Allow 12 inches between the seat of your chair and your tabletop

Leave 7 inches between the chair arm and the bottom or apron of the table.

Dining Chair Width: The average dining chair width is 16-20 inches. Allow 6 inches additional space on each chair width to accommodate spaces between people. For maximum guest comfort, provide each guest 24-30 inches at the dining table. For rectangular tables add an extra 12 inches at each end for those seated at the head and foot of the table. Allow for at least 36 inches between the dining table and any walls or other furniture.

Stool height, 19.5 inches, 13” diameter seat


Counter height 3 ft., Depth 25 ½”, 19” to bottom of upper cabinets

Double sink: 22” x 33” overall

Refrigerator single wide: 66” high x 30”wide x 29” deep

New paper towel roll 11” high, 1 ½” center tube with 1 ¾” paper wrapped around it.

4 burner stove: 30” wide, 28” deep, 3 ft. high. Burners 8” to 10” diameter

Living Room/Family Room:

Coffee table 16 ½” high, 24” wide, 58” long

Couch: 16 ½” to seat, 21” to back, 28” high, 7’long

Loveseat, same as couch, 56” but 56” long

Fireplace dimensions:


Sleeping pillows: Standard 20” x 26”, Queen 20” x 30”, King 20” x 36”

Decorative pillows: Euro 25” x 25”, deco pillows range 20” x 20”, 18” x 18” & 16” x 16”, boudoir pillow 12” x 16”, neckroll pillow 6.5” x 13”

Mattress sizes: vary by manufacturer by ½ to 1” from “standard”

Crib: 27” x 52”

Twin: 39” x 74”

Twin XL 39” x 80”

Full 54” x 80”

Queen 60” x 80”

King 76” x 80”

California King 72” x 84”


Stairs – ideal riser and tread: 7”R x 11”T

My printable stair grids

My how to

Outdoors and Housing Specs.

A wealth of information is available at:

Decks – Guardrails

Decks higher than 30” above grade must have a guardrail. Guardrails must be at least 36” in height measured from the deck surface to the top of the rail. Commercial decks attached to multifamily buildings such as apartment buildings or businesses must be 42” high. A variety of styles are allowed as long as the interior sections of the rail don’t possess any openings large enough to pass a 4” diameter sphere through. In the case of guardrails for stairs there is an exception that allows up to a 6” diameter sphere through the triangle opening formed by the stair riser, start tread, and bottom rail. The guardrails must be strong enough to withstand a concentrated 200 lb. force anywhere along the top of the rail. To achieve this you should space rail posts no greater than 6’ apart. The sweepspace between the deck surface and the bottom rail must be less than 4”

Handrails are required for stairs and must be placed between 34” and 38” above the nosing of the stair treads. Handrail ends must be returned and terminated at rail posts. The handgrips must allow a minimum of 1 ½” space between the handrail and the guardrail or wall.

Standard bench height for:

Decks and tables: 16” – 20”

Workbench: 33” -36”


5 gallon 14” x 18” with 11” head

10 gallon 16 x 17” with 14” head

15 gallon 17” x 14” with 14” head

30 gallon 21” x 29” with 16” head

59 gallon 27” x 35” with 22” head

Bricks: see my brick video

Standard sizes, mortar dimensions, terminology, etc. and be found here

Brick patterns and further information can be found here:

International brick size comparisons can be found here: